Twentieth Air Force was formed exclusively as a heavy
strategic bombardment organization. Headquartered in the United States, under
command of General Henry H. Arnold, with direction from the Joint Chiefs of
Staff, its B-29 components operated in the China-Burma-India and Pacific
theaters, carrying the air war to the Japanese. Operations climaxed with atomic
attacks on Japan in August 1945. Following the war, Twentieth Air Force remained
in the Pacific and served in combat for a short time during the Korean War.
Later it was involved primarily in air defense of the Ryukyu Islands.
Established as Twentieth Air Force, and activated on 4 April
1944 at Washington D.C., assigned to Army Air Forces. Moved to Harmon Field,
Guam, Mariana Islands, on 16 July 1945 and assigned to U.S. Army Strategic Air
Forces. Assigned to Pacific Air Command, U.S. Army, (later Far East Air Forces),
on 6 December 1945. Moved to Kadena AB, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, on 16 May 1949.
Inactivated on 1 March 1955. Assigned to Strategic Air Command on 29 March 1991.
Activated at Vandenberg AFB, California, on 1 September 1991. Relieved from
assignment to Strategic Air Command and assigned to Air Combat Command on 1 June